Often, the word “infertility” is erroneously associated with females. It is a wrongly conceived notion as infertility can affect both men and women. Male infertility is generally diagnosed when after having tested both partners, reproductive issues were found in the male.
A man’s fertility basically depends on the quantity and quality of his sperm. If a man ejaculates less number of sperms or if they are of poor quality, it might be difficult or even impossible for him to cause a pregnancy.
Infertility is a problem that is wide and extensive. For one out of five infertile couples, the infertility problem arises from the male partner. One out of 20 men faces fertility problems due to low sperm count in his ejaculate. On the other hand, one out of 100 men lacks sperms in his ejaculate.
Mostly, there are no obvious symptoms linked with male infertility. Intercourse, erections, and ejaculation will take place without any difficulties. Also, the quantity and appearance of the ejaculated semen will appear normal to the naked eye.
Causes of male infertility are usually determined through medical testing. They are typically related to either sperm production or sperm transport. A few of the known causes are:
- Sperm production problems
- Blockage of sperm transport
- Erection or ejaculation problems
- Hormonal problems
- Sperm antibodies
The causes are identified, as mentioned earlier, with the help of medical tests. It so happens that in some cases, the causes may never be found out. In such instances, both partners are tested. The causes may be verified after a series of tests.
Diagnosing male infertility or fertility test for men in Chennai usually involve:
- Physical Examination: Once the genitals are examined, the doctor will follow it up with a few questions. The questions may be about any inherited condition, sexual habits, injuries or surgeries which could have possibly affected fertility.
- Semen Analysis: Semen samples can be collected in a number of ways. It can be collected either while masturbating or during coitus. Once it is deposited at the doctor’s office, the sample is sent to a laboratory for analysis. The sperm count will be measured, along with abnormalities related to the shape and movement of the sperm.
- Scrotal Ultrasound: Like any other ultrasound, scrotal ultrasound uses high-frequency waves to create images inside the body. The images are scrutinized for varicocele (abnormal formations of veins above testicle) or other problems in the testicles.
- Hormone testing: Abnormalities in hormones produced by the pituitary gland, hypothalamus, and testicles can cause infertility. A blood test can help arrive at the infertility cause if any hormone production is responsible.
- Post-ejaculation urinalysis: Sperm in the urine can help indicate if the sperms are traveling backward into the bladder instead of outward during ejaculation.
- Genetic tests: A genetic abnormality can also result in male infertility. Fertility test for men in Chennai includes a genetic test that can reveal if the sperm concentration is too low and if it could have possibly germinated from a genetic fault.
- Testicular biopsy: If the test confirms that sperm production is normal, then the problem probably lies in a blockage that prevents sperm transport.
- Specialized sperm function tests: These will help understand how well the sperm can survive after the ejaculation if it has the strength to penetrate an egg and attach itself to the egg.
- Transrectal ultrasound: This test will reveal any blockages in the tubes that carry semen.
Male infertility treatment in Chennai includes the following procedures:
- Surgery: Varicocele can be treated through surgery.
- Treating infections: Antibiotics can cure infections of the reproductive tract.
- Treatment for sexual intercourse problems: Medication or counseling can assist in a healthy sexual life.
- Hormone treatments: Hormone replacement or medications may be recommended by doctors for male infertility treatment in Chennai.
In some rare circumstances, male infertility can’t be treated. It becomes impossible for a man to father a child. Never lose hope as there are plenty of options out there, like seeking a sperm donor or adopting a child.
All is not lost if you can make it to a fertility center at the earliest.